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ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a controversial condition, particularly relating to the treatment and medication of children. ADHD is a genetically determined condition that affects those parts of the brain that control attention, impulses and concentration. It has only relatively recently been recognised that ADHD frequently persists into adulthood, where the symptoms can be more subtle and less obvious. Adults develop coping strategies that children are unable to. The condition is also commonly linked to other conditions such as mood disorders and anxiety.

A primary factor is the flow of neurotransmitters (particularly Dopamine) in the frontal cortex of the brain, which has a significant effect on executive functions such as organisation and planning, working memory, modulating emotions and sustaining attention. Low self esteem, frustration, reduced tolerance to stress and a tendency to feel overwhelmed are common in sufferers. Substance abuse is common as sufferers try to manage their symptoms and distress.

There are many models, definitions and theories about ADHD, and a considerable amount of research is taking place. Two current programmes are examining the possible benefits of Omega 3 (already known to be a mood enhancer), and a study into the positive aspects of the condition. It is not all bad news, people with ADHD are often very intuitive and insightful, make rapid connections, can be very humorous, highly creative, original, rather quirky and unconventional.

Useful further information

Copy and paste links to two useful models of ADD/ADHD:
http://www.simplywellbeing.com/working-model-adhd
http://www.drthomasebrown.com/brown_model/index.html

Both the American Psychiatric Association (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual iv with version v imminent):
http://www.psych.org/practice/dsm

and the NHS have large resources:
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder/Pages/Introduction.aspx

A variety of treatment strategies are available for children and adults, including medication and different therapies. Coaching and skills training are extremely helpful, and therapy focusing on the trauma aspects can also be helpful. Self help training such as mindfulness, EFT and relaxation techniques can also help provide relief.

 
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